QUESTIONNAIRE It is a elimination record consisting of a sequence of topics and other prompts for the intention of bunch knowledge from tallyents. Although they are frequently intentional for statistical resolution of the counter-arguments, this is not frequently the contingency. The topicnaire was assumed by Sir Francis Galton. It refers to tract and pencil deeds bunch arrangement by letting the topic or tallyent total the topicnaire precedently the eliminationer or his symbolical, or it can be mailed Questionnaires possess advantages balance some other types of reviews in that they are mean, do not exact as plenteous exertion from the topicer as oral or telephone reviews, and frequently possess standardized repartees that construct it mere to compile deeds. However, such standardized repartees may cross users. Questionnaires are besides sharply scant by the deed that tallyents must be conducive to decipher the topics and tally to them. Thus, for some demographic groups conducting a review by topicnaire may not be trained. Questionnaire is besides the most invariably used dupe to originate deeds. Sometimes, it is named the review construct. TYPES A eminence can be made among topicnaires delay topics that mete disunited variables, and topicnaires delay topics that are aggregated into either a flake or renunciation. Questionnaires delayin the constructer order are invariably dissect of reviews, since topicnaires in the latter order are invariably dissect of tests. Questionnaires delay topics that mete disunited variables could for case apprehend topics on: * preferences (e. g. gregarious dissecty) * behaviors (e. g. stay decrement) * deeds (e. g. gender) Questionnaires delay topics that are aggregated into either a flake or renunciation apprehend for case topics that mete: * undeveloped traits (e. g. unity traits such as extroversion) * attitudes (e. . towards migration) * an renunciation (e. g. Social Economic Status) Topic types Usually, a topicnaire consists of a sum of topics that the tallyent has to repartee in a set constructat. A eminence is made among open-ended and closed-ended topics. An open-ended topic asks the tallyent to constructulate his own repartee, since a closed-ended topic has the tallyent pluck an repartee from a given sum of options. The counter-argument options for a closed-ended topic should be consumptive and mutually esoteric. Four types of counter-argument flakes for closed-ended topics are distinguished: * Dichotomous * Nominal-polytomous * Ordinal-polytomous * (Bounded)Continuous A tallyent's repartee to an open-ended topic is coded into a counter-argument flake afterwards. An pattern of an open-ended topic is a topic where the testee has to total a decree (decree substance ace). What Are the Criteria of a amiable Questionnaire? 1. The phraseology must be unclouded. 2. The gratified of the topic must be peculiar. . The topic should exhibition uniformity of intention. 4. The topic must be untrammelled from assumptions. 5. The topic must be untrammelled from suggestions. 6. The topic should possess linguistic totalness and positive closeness. Questionnaire government modes Main modes of topicnaire government are: * Face-to-face topicnaire government * Paper-and-pencil topicnaire government * Computerized topicnaire government * Adaptive computerized topicnaire government