What is a direct programming tenor? Examine the occasion and role of direct programming in solving conduct tenors. Examine and relate the role of direct programming in managerial judgment-making bringing out limitations, if any. 2. Elucidate the concept and computational steps of the simplex scheme for solving direct programming tenors. How would you test whether an optimal discontinuance to a tenor conquered using simplex algorithm is sole or not? a)What is the dissimilarity betwixt a likely discontinuance, a basic likely discontinuance, and an optimal discontinuance of a direct programming tenor? )What is the dissimilarity betwixt simplex discontinuance manner for a `maximization’ and a `minimization’ tenor? c)Using the concept of net tendering, procure an natural description of why the touchstone for optimality for maximization tenor is unanalogous from that of minimization tenors. Draft the steps concerned in the simplex algorithm for solving a direct programming maximization tenor. Also limit the technical stipulations used therein. 3. ``Linear programming is one of the most regularly and successfully populated Operations Research techniques to managerial and transaction judgments. ’ Elucidate this declaration succeeding a while some examples. …2… …2… 4. Relate the transporation tenor and surrender its prosaic copy. Explain, by entrance an specimen, the North-West Corner Rule, the Least Require Scheme and the Vogel’s Approximation Scheme to conquer the moderate likely discontinuance to a gait tenor. Examine the diverse schemes of answer moderate likely discontinuance of a gait tenor and avow the advantages, disadvantages, and areas of application for them. 5. What is an assignment tenor? It is penny to say that it is a eespecial occurrence of the gait tenor?
Explain. How can you formulate an assignment tenor as a scale direct programming tenor? Illustrate. What do you lmerit by an assignment tenor? Surrender a slight draft for solving it. 6. What are unanalogous fashions of inventories? Explain. What administrations does list execute? Avow the two basic list judgments conduct must establish as they undertake to achieve the administrations of list proper related by you. 7. What is queuing supposition? What fashion of questions are sought to be answered in analyzing a queuing scheme? Surrender a open elevateing of the queuing scheme and elucidate.
Illustrate some queuing situations. What is queuing supposition? In what fashions of tenor situations can it be applied successfully? Examine giving examples. 8. What is a resuscitation tenor? Relate some applicable resuscitation situations and policies. Briefly elucidate the requires which are applicable to judgments for resuscitation of depreciable effects. Illustrate their behaviour and elucidate how the optimal term for resuscitation of an asset can be fixed. …3… …3… 9. What kinds of judgment-making situations may be analysed using PERT and CPM techniques? Avow the elder similarities betwixt PERT and CPM.
Under what circumstances is CPM a meliorate technique of purpose conduct than PERT? A view assemblage has common a agree to elevate an appointment obscure. It has regularly betrothed itself in constructing such elevateings. Which of the two network techniques, PERT and CPM, should in your judgment, be populated by the assemblage? Why? 10. Relate the steps concerned in the manner of judgment making. What are pay-off and remorse administrations? How can entries in a remorse consultation be extraneous from a pay-off consultation? 11. What do you lmerit by Markov manneres? In what areas of conduct can they be applied successfully?
What do you lmerit by transition probabilities? Is the self-confidence of immovable transition probabilities realistic, in your judgment? Why or why not? 12. Elucidate how the likelihood tree helps to lmerit the tenor of Markov manneres. Elucidate the scheme of care of consummation up in each absorbing avow when a fastening beings in a detail fleeting avow. What is primary matrix of Markov fastenings? What does it weigh? 13. What is euphuism? Relate the euphuism manner. Avow the elder two reasons for using euphuism to unfold a tenor. What are the advantages and limitations of euphuism? `When it becomes concerned to use an optimization technique for solving a tenor, one has to beinduction to euphuism’’. Discuss. ``Simulation is typically the manner of carrying out sampling experiments on the copys of the scheme rather than the scheme itself. ’’ Elucidate this declaration by entrance some examples. …4… …4… 14. A assemblage has three tenders for its corporeal equipment in one of the divisions. The original buyer is inclined to pay Rs. 50,000 at the end of 8 years’ bound. The relieve buyer tenders Rs. 39,000—consisting of an next reimbursement of Rs. 14,000 and Rs. 25,000 succeeding 6 years.
The third buyer agrees to buy the equipment for Rs. 29,000 payable fit far. Which is the best tender for the assemblage if it can merit an concern @ 8% per annum on the capital common? 15. What is the dissimilarity betwixt leading and superfluous techniques of prophecy. When is a leading copy expend? Briefly examine the Delphi scheme of making forecasts. 16. a)How do you dissimilate betwixt wealth republican and wealth allocation tenors? Avow and elucidate an algorithm for wealth allocation. b)Explain the aftercited as they are used in PERT/CPM (i)Beta dispensation, and (ii) Budget over-run. …5… …5… 17.
The aftercited consultation surrenders facts on regular term and require, and resonance term and require for a purpose. `Duration (Weeks)Total Require (Rs) Spectre NormalCrashNormalCrash 1 – 232300450 2 – 333 75 75 2 – 453200300 2 – 544120120 3 – 441100190 4 – 632 90130 5 – 6 31 60110 i)Draw the network and perceive out the crucial track and the regular purpose protraction. ii)Find out the completion bear associated succeeding a while each spectre. iii)If the contingent requires are Rs. 100 per week, perceive out the optimum protraction by resonanceing and the selfsame purpose requires. iv)With the resonance protraction concerned, what would be the stint resonance protraction likely, ignoring contingent requires? 8. What is a `game’ in amusement supposition? What are the properties of a amusement? Elucidate the ``best strategy’’ on the foundation of minimax touchstone of optimality. Relate the maximin and minimax principles of amusement supposition. …6… …6… 19. Elucidate the steps concerned in discontinuance to dynamic programming tenors. Elucidate the aftercited in the texture of dynamic programming: (a)Stages (b)States (c)Pay-off administration (d)Recursive homogeneity 20. A gregarious campaign for acceptance to the empire is entering its decisive quantity and pre-poll surveys are medicating a very hinder controvert in a incontrovertible proxy.
One of the candidates in the proxy has suited funds to surrender five full-page advertisements in foul-mouthed unanalogous areas. Based on the polling knowledge, an revere has been made of the approach reckon (in thousands) of appended votes that can be polled in unanalogous areas. This is shown underneath. No. ofArea Interchangeable AdsABCD 0 0 0 0 0 1913117 21517115 31212325 425232129 531252733 Using dynamic programming, enumerate how the five interchangeable ads be orderly betwixt the foul-mouthed areas so as to maximize the revered reckon of votes.